Anti personnel landmines friend or foe books

It is usually referred to as the ottawa convention or the antipersonnel mine ban treaty. Learn from naval mine experts like jamie prenatt and stephen mcgreal. The report commissioned by the icrc looked at the use and effectiveness of the weapons through a 55year span. Antipersonnel landmines convention where global solutions. A study of the military use and effectiveness of anti personnel mines this study examines the military case for continued use of anti personnel landmines. After more than 30 years since the 1982 war between argentina and the united kingdom, only 5000 landmines out of the original 20,000 antipersonal and 5000 antitank landmines have been cleared. In 1996, the icrc published a landmark paper, antipersonnel landmines. Today, the obama administration is announcing new policy changes that bring the united states closer to that goal. Handheld sensor fusion for landmine detection using metal detector and gpr. Solutions to the global landmine crisis by kevin m. A study of the military use and e vectiveness of anti personnel mines, commissioned by the icrc,march 1996 415 anti personnel landmines friend or foe.

Detection of landmines in peat soils by controlled. A study of the military use and e vectiveness of antipersonnel mines, commissioned by the icrc,march 1996 415 antipersonnel landmines friend or foe. The legal contribution of the international committee of the red cross 19551999 louis maresca, stuart maslen download bok. A study of the military use and effectiveness of anti personnel mines 0654002 06. Humanitarian security regimes international affairs. A study of the military use and effectiveness of antipersonnel mines. Williams department of computer science, trinity college, dublin, ireland abstract this paper presents a new approach to the detection of anti personnel landmines which is based on the physical detection of. A study on the military use and effectiveness of antipersonnel mines. A study of the military use and effectiveness of antipersonnel mines geneva. They do not distinguish between civilian and military targets.

Sometimes referred to as the ottawa convention, the mine ban treaty is officially titled. Dictionary of the international law of armed conflict. The 1997 convention on the prohibition of the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of antipersonnel mines and on their destruction is the international agreement that bans antipersonnel landmines. Antipersonnel mines international committee of the red cross. These mines are used to disable tanks, trucks, and the people in the surrounding area.

International committee of the red cross, march 1996. Friend or foe a study of the military use and effectiveness of anti personnel mines. Investigating the performance of bistatic gpr antennas for. Mines employed in conflicts since 1940, whether by professional armies, by insurgents or in counterinsurgency operations, have rarely been used in conformity with international law. International committee of the red cross, 1997, 88p.

Dipankar banerjee and mallika joseph, anti personnel landmines. There are severalhundred different kinds of antipersonnel mines in use by many countries. The first landmine, the m14, is a pressureoperated blast mine. President clinton, in his 1994 address to the united nations general assembly, called for the eventual elimination of antipersonnel landmines apl. Learn from land mine experts like cap history library and cap history library. India and landmine ban treaty major general nilendra kumar, avsm, vsm retd anti personnel mines are munitions designed to explode from the contact, presence or proximity of a person. A military perspective, in clearing the fields, ed. It was adopted in 1997 and it entered into force on 1 march 1999. Mission the international committee of the red cross icrc is an impartial, neutral and independent organization. Here youll find current best sellers in books, new releases in books, deals in books, kindle ebooks, audible audiobooks, and so much more. International customary law and antipersonnel landmines.

A deadly legacy, the arms project, human rights watch, and physicians for human rights, 275. It is usually referred to as the ottawa convention or the anti personnel mine ban treaty. In this example, the target object was a pma3 anti personnel landmine. Balkrishna kurvey, india, in international campaign to ban landmines, landmine monitor report 1999, p.

The failure to ban, or even strictly limit, the use of antipersonnel landmines due to the assumption that they are an essential weapon of high military value prompted the icrc to commission this independent study on the use and effectiveness of antipersonnel landmines in conflicts over the past 55 years. Sep 23, 2014 president clinton, in his 1994 address to the united nations general assembly, called for the eventual elimination of anti personnel landmines apl. Dec, 2010 specifically, on march 24, 1995, the united states ratified the convention on certain conventional weapons and protocol ii, which restricts the use of anti personnel and anti vehicle landmines. A study of the military use and effectiveness of anti personnel mines. Friend or foe a study of the military use and effectiveness of antipersonnel mines. On september 23, 2014, the united states government announced a new policy with a commitment not. Elsevier robotics and autonomous systems 23 1998 235243 robotics and autonomous systems the detection of buried landmines using probing robots kenneth m. Ann denholm crosby and marshall beier, in harnessing change for continuity, take issue with governments and ngos promoting the influential red cross pamphlet, antipersonnel mines.

Antipersonnel mines international committee of the red. International committee of the red cross, anti personnel landmines. Investigating the performance of bistatic gpr antennas. If it were not for landmines, a lot of damage to citizens, animals, and resources would not occur. The test site, established in 2000, is owned by hcrctro and it consists of blind test lanes and training lanes. Alternative technologies to replace antipersonnel landmines. They have also received stickers, posters, timetables and exercise books bearing a mine awareness message. New technologies could replace some, but not all, of the u. For the purposes of this article, we have chosen two landmines developed by the united states military that demonstrate the varying characteristics of landmines. The signing by 123 states of the convention on the prohibition of antipersonnel landmines ottawa treaty in december 1997 was the culmination of lengthy e fforts to lay down international rules against the use of antipersonnel mines. The books homepage helps you explore earths biggest bookstore without ever leaving the comfort of your couch. This study examines the military case for continued use of anti personnel landmines. Landmine monitor report 2001 united states, human rights watch, 2001.

Resettlement handbook, the united nations high commissioner for refugees. This study examines the military case for continued use of antipersonnel landmines. At mines are usually larger and contain more explosive materials. Read naval mine books like axis midget submarines and war on hospital ships, 19141918 for free with a free 30day trial. Under the ottawa treaty on anti personnel mine ban, the british government had the legal responsibility to remove them by 2009. Mines employed in conflicts since 1940, whether by professional armies, by insurgents or in counterinsurgency operations, have rarely been used in conformity with international law, and have little or no effect on the outcome of hostilities. A study of the military use and effectiveness of antipersonnel mines in 1996. Executive summary 415 press release 423 17 third session. The campaign to ban antipersonnel mines was one of the major humanitarian initiatives of the last three decades. Alternative technologies to replace antipersonnel landmines emphasizes the role that technology can play to allow certain weapons to be used more selectively, reducing the danger to uninvolved civilians while improving the effectiveness of the u. The legal contribution of the international committee of the red cross 19551999 louis maresca, stuart maslen download. The international committee of the red cross has played a key role in the effort to ban anti personnel landmines.

My name is paddy blagden, and i am an independent consultant. The twoway saying it wants to join an international treaty banning antipersonnel land mines, the u. Convention on the prohibition of the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of antipersonnel mines and on their destruction, commonly referred to as the ottawa convention. Before i start, i would like to thank the foreign ministry of the lithuanian government for so kindly inviting me to vilnius for this meeting, and for my old friend the icrc for sponsoring me. Basic books and the council on foreign relations, 1995. Friend or foe a study of the military use and effectiveness. In late 1998 and as an additional tool for mine awareness training, an animated cartoon was produced on the subject of. The failure to ban, or even strictly limit, the use of anti personnel landmines due to the assumption that they are an essential weapon of high military value prompted the icrc to commission this independent study on the use and effectiveness of anti personnel landmines in conflicts over the past 55 years.

A study of the military use and effectiveness of antipersonnel mines by international committee of the red cross pp. The detection of buried landmines using probing robots. The 1997 convention on the prohibition of the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of anti personnel mines and on their destruction is the international agreement that bans antipersonnel landmines. An independent study commissioned by the icrc and carried out by a former british army officer and a senior demining adviser for the uns department of peacekeeping operations.

They are indiscriminate weapons capable of inflicting grave injuries. Specifically, on march 24, 1995, the united states ratified the convention on certain conventional weapons and protocol ii, which restricts the use. The operational implications of banning antipersonnel landmines dtic no. After more than 30 years since the 1982 war between argentina and the united kingdom, only 5000 landmines out of the original 20,000 anti personal and 5000 anti tank landmines have been cleared. That is why, since i called for the global elimination of land mines in 1994, the united states has been at the forefront of the effort to ban them not just in words. A study of the military use and effectiveness of anti personnel mines geneva. Read land mine books like intelligence bulletin aug 1945 and intelligence bulletin jan 1943 for free with a free 30day trial. Williams department of computer science, trinity college, dublin, ireland abstract this paper presents a new approach to the detection of antipersonnel landmines which is based on the physical detection of. The icrc, along with governments, the international campaign to ban landmines and the united nations, argued for a comprehensive prohibition on their use, stockpiling, production and transfer. Later, three publications were essential in fostering a mounting awareness. Antipersonnel landmines how is antipersonnel landmines.

A study of the military use and effectiveness of anti personnel mines in 1996. The twoway saying it wants to join an international treaty banning anti personnel land mines, the u. May 24, 2018 the campaign to ban anti personnel mines was one of the major humanitarian initiatives of the last three decades. Combining electromagnetic spectroscopy and groundpenetrating. A representative example of the response of the gpr system from a training lane that contained homogenous soil is shown here. The signing by 123 states of the convention on the prohibition of antipersonnel landmines ottawa treaty in december 1997 was the culmination of lengthy e fforts to lay down international rules against the use of anti personnel mines. A study of the military use and effectiveness of antipersonnel mines 0654002 06. Antipersonnel landmines how is antipersonnel landmines abbreviated. This book provides an overview of the work of the icrc concerning landmines from 1955 through 1999.

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